Developers have always faced a dilemma before choosing the right programming language for a mobile app. To add to this dilemma, there has been a rapid growth in programming languages. Not only have the existing programming languages been modified to provide better versions, but newer programming languages have also come to the fore. The developer thus needs to pick up the right programming language based on the type of app and the kind of features he wants to bring to life. Thus, developers need to keep themselves updated with the pros and cons of all programming languages.
One such new next-gen programming language on the block is Swift, of course, with its latest versions.Swift has become popular amongst developers and is being adopted at a very rapid pace.
Apple Inc made the first public release of Swift in 2010. Chris Lattner, head of Apples developer tools department, took almost four years to come up with the first official version of Swift. Later, however, it was supported by many other contributors. They have taken ideas from many other popular languages such as Objective-C, C#, Python, Rust, Haskell, Ruby, and CLU. Thus, finally, Swift was first introduced at Apple’s 2014 Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC) with the Gold Master of Xcode 6.
iOS devices dating back to iOS 7 or later, and OS X devices dating back to OS X 10.9 or later, are most compatible with apps built with Swift. All versions of watchOS and tvOS also have support for running Swift-built apps.
A wide range of enterprises, especially businesses that have invested in Apple’s platforms or developed their own B2B/enterprise apps have switched to Swift because of the following reasons:
Though Apple is still updating Objective C language, Swift is rapidly overtaking it and becoming more popular on Apples platforms. Here are a few main differences between Objective-C and Swift.
With many new added features and refinements, Apple released Swift 2.0 at WWDC 15 with the Xcode 7 Gold Master build. Some of the new features in Swift 2.0 are:
Apple released Swift 3.0 at WWDC 16 with the release of Xcode 8.. The new features in Swift 3.0 include:
Swift 4.0 was released at WWDC 17 in beta form to developers alongside Xcode 9. Overcoming the constraints of C compatibility, Swift 4 embraces the best of C and Objective-C. A few refinements and features added to this release of Swift include:
These features indicate that Swift has revolutionized the app development process thus becoming the next-gen Programming Language.
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